9* foreign ships carrying over twelve passengers and is valid until the date stated. COLUMN (2) Vessel's Name. Here is the name of the vessel, and immediately underneath is found any other name she may have had previously (since 1932 the date of such change is also shown), thus giving a continuous history of the ship. Navigational Aids. Particulars are given of any naviga- tional aids with which the ship is fitted. The abbreviations used (e.g. Rdr for "radar") are self-explanatory and are explained in the "Key to the Register of Ships" at the commencement of Volume i. COLUMN (3) Contains particulars of the ship's gross and net tonnage (as ascertained from her official register) and her summer deadweight as furnished by the owners. COLUMN (4) Contains the name of the registered owner(s) of the ship. This, may be—as is often the case—the name of the managing owner. Also shown in this column are the managers (if any), flag, and port of registry. The port of registry may be any port at which the owners may desire to register their vessel, and the flag shows the nationality of the ship. COLUMN (5) Contains classification particulars. Classification may be well described as the comparison with an ideal standard. The class 100 Ai is defined in the Rules of Lloyd's Register in the following words— This character will be assigned to all seagoing ships built in accordance with, or by standards equivalent to, the Society's Rules and Regulations and the scantlings, arrangements and equipment given in the Construction Rules for the draught required. The equivalent British Corporation class, recorded in the Register Book since the unification of the two Societies in 1949, is BS.